Mitchell, R. (1995). Index to the Constitution of the United States. In CQ's guide to the U.S. Constitution. Washington: CQ Press. Retrieved August 19, 2005, from CQ Electronic Library, CQ Encyclopedia of American Government

Index to the Constitution of the United States

  Art. Sect. Para.

A

Accused persons, rights of  A5    

(second reference)

A6    
Admiralty cases III 2 1
Admissions of new states IV 3 1
Alcohol A18    
Ambassadors      

appointment procedure

II 2 2

court cases affecting

III 2 1

received by president

II 3
Amendment procedure V    
Appointments by president II 2 2
Apportionment of representatives among states      

based on population

I 2 3

cause for reduced representation

A14 2  
Armed forces (See Military establishment)      
Assembly, right of A1    
Attorney, right to assistance of A6    
B
Bail, reasonable A8    
Bankruptcy, laws concerning I 8 4
Bicameral legislature provided for I 1  
Bills of attainder prohibited      

to Congress

I 9 3

to states

I 10 1
Bills of credit, prohibition on states I 10 1
Borrowing money I 8 2
C
Cabinet officers, appointment of II 2 2
Cabinet officers' reports II 2 1
Captures on land and water I 8 11
Census of population I 2 3
Checks and balances system      

executive on judicial

     

grants pardons and reprieves

II 2 1

nominates judges

II 2 2

executive on legislative

     

altering president's salary prohibited

II 1 7

recommendations to Congress

II 3  

special sessions of Congress

II 3  

state of union message

II 3  

veto power

I 7 2

judicial on executive

     

impeachment trials

I 3 6

judges' term of office

III 1  

judicial review power

(See Note A)

judicial on legislative

     

judges' salaries may not be lowered

III 1  

judges' term of office

III 1  

judicial review power

(See Note A)

legislative on executive

     

confirms president's appointments

II 2 2

consents to president's treaties

II 2 2

controls appropriations

I 7 1

(second reference)

I 8 1

(third reference)

I 8 12

establishes executive departments

II 2 2

impeachment power

I 2 5

(second reference)

I 3 6

(third reference)

II 4  

investigates executive branch

(See Note B)

override of president's veto

I 7 2

role in filling office of president

A12    

(second reference)

A25 4 2

legislative on judicial

     

change Court's appellate jurisdiction

III 2 2

change Court's size

(See Note C)  

confirms appointments of judges

II 2 2

determines punishment for treason

III 3 2

establishes, abolishes lower courts

III 1  

impeachment power

I 2 5

(second reference)

I 3 6

(third reference)

II 4  

proposes amendments to Constitution

V    
Chief Justice role in impeachment trials I 3 6
Citizens      

definition

A14 1  

equal status in all states

IV 2 1

rights guaranteed in all states

A14 1  

voting rights protected

A14 2  
Civil officers, causes for removal II 4  
Civil rights and liberties      

arms, right to possess

A2    

assembly, right of

A1    

bail must be reasonable

A8    

bill of attainder prohibited

I 9 3

(second reference)

I 10 1

contracts, states may not interfere with

I 10 1

criminal cases, defendants' rights in

     

accusations against

A6    

attorney for defense

A6    

due process of law guaranteed

A5    

(second reference)

A14 1  

grand jury indictment

A5    

testifying against self prohibited

A5    

trial by jury

III 2 3

two trials (double jeopardy) prohibited

A5    

witnesses against, right to confront

A6    

witnesses, obtaining for defense

A6    

equal protection of laws in states

A14 1  

equal status of all states' citizens

IV 2 1

ex post facto laws prohibited

I 9 3

(second reference)

I 10 1

former slaves

     

guaranteed citizenship

A14 1  

voting rights of

A15    

habeas corpus privilege guaranteed

I 9 2

involuntary servitude, limits on

A13    

jury trials guaranteed

III 2 3

(second reference)

A6    

(third reference)

A7    

petition government, people's right to

A1    

press, freedom of

A1    

private property protected

A5    

punishments, restrictions on

A8    

quartering of soldiers, restrictions on

A3    

religion, freedom of

A1    

religious test not required for public office

VI   3

republican form of government guaranteed

IV 4  

rights of citizens of states

A14 1  

rights reserved to the people

A9    

searches and seizures, restrictions on

A4    

speech, freedom of

A1    

traitor's relatives may not be punished

III 3 2

unstated rights also guaranteed

A9    

voting rights

     

all races

A15    

citizens 18 years and older

A26    

District of Columbia residents

A23 1 2

former slaves

A15    

penalty to states for denying

A14 2  

poll tax prohibited

A24    

of women

A19    
Commander in chief powers II 2 1
Commerce, power to regulate I 8 3
Commissioning officers of U.S. II 3  
Common defense, power to provide for I 8 1
Common law suits, citizens' rights in A7    
Compensation      

judges

III 1  

members of Congress

I 6 1

(second reference)

A27    

president

II 1 7
Confederacy debts invalid A14 4  
Confederation debts honored VI    1
Congress      

adjournment of

I 5 1

(second reference)

I 5 4

by president

II 3  

annual meetings required

A20 2  

convening of

I 4 2

(second reference)

II 3  

(third reference)

A20 2  

expelling of members

I 5 2

House of Representatives (See main entry)

     

implied powers of

I 8 18

journal of proceedings

I 5 3

law-making procedure

I 7 2

legislative power of

I 1  

meeting date

A20 2  

members of

     

compulsory attendance by

I 5 1

expelling of

I 5 2

legality of qualifications

I 5 1

privileges

I 6 1

prohibitions on

I 6 2

providing for punishment of

I 5 2

salary

I 6 1

voting records of

I 7 2

(second reference)

A27    

money powers (See Money)

     

organization of

I 4 1

(second reference)

I 5 1

(third reference)

I 5 2

powers of concerning

     

amending the Constitution

V    

armed forces

I 8 12

(second reference)

I 8 13

(third reference)

I 8 14

(fourth reference)

I 8 15

(fifth reference)

I 8 16

bankruptcies

I 8 4

borrowing money

I 8 2

captures on land and water

I 8 11

census of population

I 2 3

commerce, regulation of

I 8 3

congressional elections

I 4 1

copyright laws

I 8 8

counterfeiting, punishment of

I 8 6

courts below Supreme Court

I 8 9

(second reference)

II    

crimes on high seas

I 8 10

currency, regulation of

I 8 5

debts of U.S.

I 8 1

defense

I 8 1

District of Columbia government

I 8 17

electoral system

II 1 4

(second reference)

A12    

executive branch, investigation of

(See Note B)

foreign affairs

II 2 2

general welfare, providing for

I 8 1

impeachment power

I 2 5

impeachment, trials of

I 3 6

income tax

A16    

international law, define and punish

I 8 10

marque and reprisal, letters of

I 8 11

military appropriations

I 8 12

naturalization rules

I 8 4

"necessary and proper" laws

I 8 18

new states, admission of

IV 3 1

patent laws

I 8 8

post offices and roads

I 8 7

presidency, vacancies in

II 1 6

(second reference)

A20 3  

(third reference)

A20 4  

(fourth reference)

A25 4  

presidential disability

A25 4  

presidential electors

II 1 4

presidential nomination of vice president

A25 2  

president's veto, override of

I 7 2

(second reference)

I 7 3

proceedings, rules of

I 5 2

property of U.S.

IV 3 2

states' official acts

IV 1  

Supreme Court jurisdiction

III 2 2

Supreme Court size

(See Note C)

taxes

I 7 1

(second reference)

I 8 1

treason, punishment of

III 3 2

treasury funds, withdrawal of

I 9 7

treaties

II 2 2

trials, location of

III 2 3

war, declaration of

I 8 11

weights and measures, standards of

I 8 5

prohibitions on concerning

     

assembly, people's right of

A1    

bills of attainder

I 9 3

direct taxes

I 9 4

ex post facto laws

I 9 3

habeas corpus privilege

I 9 2

petition government, right to

A1    

poll taxes

A24    

preferential treatment of ports

I 9 6

press, freedom of

A1    

religion, freedom of

A1    

speech, freedom of

A1    

taxing states' imports

I 9 5

titles of nobility

I 9 8

voting rights

A15    

(second reference)

A19    

(third reference)

A26    

quorum

I 5 1

resolutions of

I 7 3

Senate (See main entry)

     

special sessions of

II 3  
Constitution      

purposes of

Preamble

ratification of

VII    

support of by all public officials

VI   3

supremacy of

VI   2
Contracts, no interference with by states I 10 1
Copyrights, Congress' power to grant I 8 8
Counsel, right to assistance of A6    
Counterfeiting, punishment of I 8 6
Courts      

establishment of by Congress

I 8 9

(second reference)

III 1  

jurisdiction of

III 2 1

(second reference)

III 2 2

(third reference)

III 2 3

restrictions on in common law suits

A7    
Criminal trials, guarantees in III 2 3

(second reference)

A5    

(third reference)

A6    

D

Debts      

of Confederation honored

VI 1  

incurred aiding rebellions, invalid

A14 4  

incurred suppressing rebellions, valid

A14 4  

U.S., payment of by Congress

I 8 1
Declaration of War I 8 11
Defendants, rights of in criminal cases III 2 3

(second reference)

A5    

(third reference)

A6    
Defense, power to provide for I 8 1
Direct taxes prohibited I 9 4
District of Columbia      

government of

I 8 17

voting rights in

A23    
Domestic violence, states protected against IV 4  
Double jeopardy prohibited A5    
Due process of law guarantees      

accused persons, rights concerning

     

accusations against

A6    

attorney for defense

A6    

double jeopardy prohibited

A5    

grand jury indictments

A5    

testifying against self

A5    

trial by jury

III 2 3

(second reference)

A6    

witnesses against

A6    

witnesses on behalf of

A6    

bail must be reasonable

A8    

bills of attainder prohibited

     

to national government

I 9 3

to state government

I 10 1

contracts may not be interfered with

I 10 1

equal protection of laws by states

A14 1  

equal status of all states' citizens

IV 2 1

ex post facto laws prohibited

     

to national government

I 9 3

to state governments

I 10 1

former slaves guaranteed citizenship

A14 1  

habeas corpus privilege protected

I 9 2

involuntary servitude, limits on

A13    

private property protected

A5    

rights of citizens of states

A14 1  

searches and seizures, limits on

A4    

trial by jury

III 2 3

(second reference)

A6    

(third reference)

A7    
E
Eighteenth amendment (banning alcohol)      

repealed

A21 1  
"Elastic clause" I 8 18
Elections      

poll tax, prohibited in

A24    

presidential, date of

II 1 4

states' authority over

I 4 1
Electoral system II 1 2

(second reference)

II 1 4

(third reference)

A12    

(fourth reference)

A23    
Eligibility for office      

president

II 1 5

representatives

I 2 2

senators

I 3 3
"Enumerated" powers of Congress I 8  
Equal protection of laws guaranteed A14 1  
Ex post facto laws prohibited      

to national government

I 9 3

to states

I 10 1
Executive department (See also President) II    
Executive officers must support Constitution VI    3
Export duties, limits on states to levy I 10 2
Extradition of fugitives by states IV 2 2

F

Federal officers      

must support Constitution

VI   3

religious test not required of

VI   3
Federal system      

national government powers

     

admission of new states

IV 3 1

enumerated powers of Congress

I 8 1 17

foreign affairs

II 2 2

implied powers of Congress

I 8 18

income tax

A16    

judicial review power

(See Note A)

military powers

II 2 1

national courts' jurisdiction

III 2 1

Supreme Court's jurisdiction

III 2 2

national government, restrictions on

     

dividing or joining states

IV 3 1

miscellaneous prohibitions

I 9  

powers reserved to states, people

A10    

state governments, guarantees to

     

protection of boundaries

IV 3 1

protection against invasion, violence

IV 4  

republican form of government

IV 4  

right of consent to be sued

A11    

state governments, powers reserved to

A10    

state governments, relations between

     

mutual recognition of citizens' rights

IV 2 1

mutual recognition of official acts, etc.

IV 1  

state governments, restrictions on

     

miscellaneous prohibitions

I 10 1

powers requiring consent of Congress

I 10 2

(second paragraph)

I 10 3
Fines, reasonable A8    
Foreign affairs II 2 2
Foreign commerce, regulation of I 8 3
Foreign money, regulation of I 8 5
Foreign representatives as parties in court III 2 1
Freedoms guaranteed to individuals A1    
Fugitives, extradition of by states IV 2 2
"Full faith and credit" clause IV 1  

G

General welfare, Congress' power I 8 1
Grand jury indictments, when required A5    

H

Habeas corpus privilege protected I 9 2
House of Representatives (See also Representatives)      

election to

I 2 1

election of officers

I 2 5

eligibility for election to

I 2 2

quorum for choosing president and VP

A12    

Speaker of

I 2 5

(second reference)

A25 3  

(third reference)

A25 4  

special powers concerning

     

electoral system

A12    

impeachment power

I 2 5

money bills

I 7 1

order of succession to presidency and vice presidency

A20 4  

states' representation in

I 2 3

terms of members

I 2 1

vacancies in

I 2 4

I

Impeachment      

officials subject to

II 4  

penalties upon conviction of charges

I 3 7

power of

I 2 5

reasons for

II 4  

trials of

I 3 6
Implied powers of Congress I 8 18
Import duties, limits on states to levy I 10 2
Income tax, power to levy A16    
Indian tribes, commerce with I 8 3
International law, offenses concerning I 8 10
Interstate commerce, power to regulate I 8 3
Interstate shipping duties prohibited I 9 6
Intoxicating liquors, states may prohibit A21 2  
Invasions, states protected against IV 4  
Involuntary servitude, limits on A13 1  

J

Judicial department (See also Supreme Court)      

establishment of

III    

judicial review power

(See Note A)

judges, national

     

confirmation of nominations

II 2 2

impeachment of

I 2 5

impeachment trials of

I 3 6

must support Constitution

VI   3

nomination of

II 2 2

term of office

III 1  

judges, state, must support Constitution

VI   2

jurisdictions

     

lower courts

III 2 1

Supreme Court

III 2 2
Jury trials      

in common law suits

A7    

in criminal cases

III 2 3

(second reference)

A6    

location of

III 2 3

L

"Lame duck" amendment A20    
Laws of nations, offenses against I 8 10
Laws, president's duty to carry out II 3  
Law-making powers I 1  
Law-making procedures I 7 2

(second reference)

I 7 3
Legislative department (See also Congress) I    
Liberties guaranteed to the people A1    

M

Maritime cases III 2 1
Marque and reprisal, letters of      

denied to states

I 10 1

granted to Congress

I 8 11
Military establishment      

congressional powers

     

army

I 8 12

navy

I 8 13

military appropriations

I 8 12

military regulations

I 8 14

militia

I 8 15

(second reference)

I 8 16

war, declaration of

I 8 11

presidential powers

II 2 1

states' right to maintain militia

A2    
Military trials exempt from grand juries A5    
Money      

borrowing

I 8 2

coining and regulating value

I 8 5

debts of U.S.

I 8 1

income tax

A16    

military appropriations

I 8 12

powers denied to states

I 10 1

tax power

I 7 1

(second reference)

I 8 1

treasury funds, control of

I 9 7

N

National defense (See Military establishment)      
National Guard (See Military establishment)      
Naturalization rules I 8 4
Navy (See Military establishment)      
"Necessary and proper" clause I 8 18
Nobility titles prohibited I 9 8

O

Oath of office of president II 1 8

P

Pardons and reprieves II 2 1
Patents I 8 8
People, powers reserved to A10    
Petition the government, right to A1    
"Pocket Veto" I 7 2
Poll tax prohibited A24    
Post offices and post roads I 8 7
Powers of government      

executive

II 1  

judicial

III 1  

legislative

I 1  
Presidency, succession to II 1 6

(second reference)

A20 3  

(third reference)

A20 4  

(fourth reference)

A25 1  
President      

compensation of

II 1 7

disability of

A25 3  

(second reference)

A25 4  

duties of

II 3  

executive power of

II 1 1

election of, procedure

II 1 2

(second reference)

II 1 4

(third reference)

A12    

eligibility for office

II 1 5

impeachment of

     

impeachment power

I 2 5

impeachment trial

I 3 6

penalties involved

I 3 7

law-making role of

I 7 2

oath of office

II 1 8

powers of concerning

     

appointments

II 2 2

bills passed by Congress

I 7 2

military forces

II 2 1

pardons and reprieves

II 2 1

resolutions of Congress

I 7 3

special sessions of Congress

II 3  

temporary Senate appointments

II 2 3

treaties

II 2 2

vacancy of vice presidency, filling

A25 2  

removal from office, reasons for

II 4  

procedure for

I 2 5

(second reference)

I 3 6

term of office

II 1 1

(second reference)

A20 1  

(third reference)

A22 1  
President of Senate I 3  

(second reference)

A12    
President-elect, death before inauguration A20 3  
Press, freedom of A1    
Privacy, right to A4    
Private property, protection of A5    

(second reference)

A14 1  
Probable cause A4    
Property, U.S., control of IV 3 2
Public officials      

prohibitions on

I 9 8

religious test not required of

VI    

removal of, reasons for

II 4  

support of Constitution required of

VI   3
Punishments must be reasonable A8    
Purposes of Constitution Preamble

R

Race no bar to voting A15    
Ratification of amendments V    
Ratification of Constitution VII    
Rebellion participants barred from office A14 3  
Religion, freedom of A1    
Religious test not required for public office VI   3
Removal of public officials, reasons for II 4  
Representatives      

arrest, privileged from

I 6 1

basis of apportionment among states

I 2 3

(second reference)

A14 2  

election by the people

I 2 1

election of

I 4 1

eligibility for office

I 2 2

may not be presidential electors

II 1 2

must support Constitution

VI   3

prohibitions on

I 6 2

salaries of

I 6 1

(second reference)

A27    

term of office

I 2 1

(second reference)

A20 1  
Republican government guaranteed to states IV 4  
Reserved powers A10    
Resolutions of Congress I 7 3
Revenue bills I 7 1
Rights (See Civil rights and liberties)      

S

Salaries      

judges

III 1  

members of Congress

I 6 1

(second reference)

A27    

president

II 1 7
Sea laws I 8 10

(second reference)

I 8 11
Search and seizure, limits on A4    
Self-incrimination, protection against A5    
Senate (See also Senators)      

composition of

I 3 1

eligibility for office

I 3 3

equal vote of states guaranteed in

V    

number of members

I 3 1

officers of

I 3 5

powers of concerning

     

foreign affairs

II 2 2

president's appointments

II 2 2

president's treaties

II 2 2

successor to vice president

A20 4  

electoral system

A12    

impeachment trials

I 3 6

president of

I 3 4

(second reference)

A12    

president of, pro tempore

I 3 5

(second reference)

A25 3  

(third reference)

A25 4  

term of members

I 3 1

staggered terms provided for

I 3 2

tie-breaking vote in

I 3 4

vacancies in

I 3 2
Senators      

arrest, privileged from

I 6 1

election by the people

A17    

may not serve as presidential electors

II 1 2

must support Constitution

VI   3

prohibitions on

I 6 2

qualifications for office

I 3 3

salaries

I 6 1

(second reference)

A27    

term of office

I 3 1
Separation of powers feature      

executive power

II 1 1

judicial power

III 1  

legislative power

I 1  
Slavery abolished A13    
Slaves, former      

guaranteed citizenship

A14 1  

voting rights of

A15 1  
Slave trade protected until 1808 I 9 1
Soldiers, quartering of A3    
Speaker of House of Representatives I 2 5

(second reference)

A25 3  

(third reference)

A25 4  
Speech, freedom of A1    
State officials must support Constitution VI    3
State of Union message II 3  
States      

admission to Union

IV 3 1

agreements with foreign nations

I 10 3

agreements with other states

I 10 3

apportionment of representatives of

I 2 3

census of population

I 2 3

equal status of all states' citizens

IV 2 1

equal vote in Senate guaranteed

V    

extradition of fugitives between

IV 2 2

formation of, conditions for

IV 3 1

judges of bound by Constitution

VI    2

mutual recognition of official acts

IV 1  

as parties in court

III 2 1

(second reference)

A11    

powers of concerning

     

admission of new states

IV 3 1

congressional elections

I 4 1

intoxicating liquors

A21 2  

militia

I 8 16

(second reference)

A2    

ratifying amendments

V    

selection of presidential electors

II 1 2

vacancies in House of Representatives

I 2 4

vacancies in Senate

A17    

powers needing consent of Congress

I 10 2

(second reference)

I 10 3

powers reserved to

A10    

prohibitions on concerning

     

civil rights and liberties

A1 A9    

equal protection of the laws

A14 1  

miscellaneous subjects

I 10  

poll taxes

A24    

voting rights, age

A26    

voting rights, all races

A15    

voting rights, both sexes

A19    

voting rights, former slaves

A15    

protected against invasion, violence

IV 4  

relations between

IV    

representation in House of Representatives

I 2 3

reduced due to denying civil rights

A14 2  

representation in Senate

I 3 1

guaranteed equal among all states

V    

republican form of government preserved

IV 4  

right of consent to be sued

A11    
Supreme Court      

appointment of justices

II 2 2

judicial review power

(See Note A)

jurisdictions

III 2 2

size of

(See Note C)

term of office

III 1  
Supreme law of the land (Constitution) VI   2

T

Tax power I 7 1

(second reference)

I 8 1
Terms of office      

judges

III 1  

president

II 1 1

(second reference)

A20 1  

(third reference)

A22 1  

representatives

I 2 1

(second reference)

A20 1  

senators

I 3 1

(second reference)

A20 1  

vice president

A20 1  
Territory, U.S., control of IV 3 2
Tonnage duties I 10 3
Traitor's family may not be punished III 3 2
Treason      

definition

III 3 1

punishment of

III 3 2

requirements for conviction of

III 3 1
Treasury, controls on I 9 7
Treaties      

making and approving

II 2 2

states may not make

I 10 1
Trial by jury, guarantees III 2 3

(second reference)

A6    

(third reference)

A7    

(fourth reference)

A14 1  
Trials, criminal, guarantees in III 2 3
Troops, states may not keep in peacetime I 10 3

U

Union debts valid A14 4  
U.S. government as party in court III 2 1
U.S. officers subject to impeachment II 4  
U.S. property, control of IV 3 2

V

Vacancies      

House of Representatives

I 2 4

Judges

II 2 2

Presidency

II 1 6

(second reference)

A20 3  

(third reference)

A20 4  

(fourth reference)

A25 1  

(fifth reference)

A25 3  

(sixth reference)

A25 4  

Senate

I 3 2

(second reference)

A17 2

temporary appointments to fill

II 2 3

vice presidency

A25 2  
Veto procedure I 7 2
Vice presidency      

order of succession to

A20 4  

succession to

A25 2  
Vice president      

conditions for assuming presidency

II 1 6

(second reference)

A20 3  

(third reference)

A25 1  

(fourth reference)

A25 3  

(fifth reference)

A25 4  

removal from office

II 4  

role in declaring president disabled

A25 4  

role in Senate

I 3 4

term of office

A20 1  
Vice president-elect succeeds to presidency A20 3  
Voting rights      

all races

A15 1  

citizens 18 years and older

A26    

former slaves

A15 1  

penalty to states for denying

A14 2  

poll tax prohibited

A24 1  

women

A19    

W

War      

declaration of

I 8 11

states' power limited

I 10 3
Warrants to search and seize A4    
Warships in peacetime I 10 3
Weights and measures, standards of I 8 5
Witnesses in criminal trials A6    
Women's right to vote A19    
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